Of all injuries that could be sustained in a car crash, traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are among the most common and the most dangerous. This is partly due to the fact symptoms may take weeks and even months to appear, meaning TBI victims may not receive the medical attention their injuries require.
All traumatic brain injuries will fall into one of the following categories: closed, open (or penetrating), primary and/or secondary. A closed head injury is one in which the skull and contents of the brain have not broken open or through the skin. Closed head injuries occur when the head moves at a fast speed and suddenly comes to an abrupt halt. This causes the brain to move forward, backwards and side to side, colliding with the inside walls of the skull. These types of injuries often cause bruising on the brain tissue and damage nerve cells. Closed head injuries often occur in rear-end accidents when a driver suffers whiplash.
Open head injuries are those in which the skull and its protective layers have broken through and have been exposed to air. Open head injuries are usually localized to one area of the brain, but can be just as severe in that of closed head injuries due to the brain contents’ exposure to air. The severity of these injuries will also depend on how much of the skull or brain has broken through the skin, as well as how easy or difficult it will be to treat.
Primary head injuries are those that occur at the time of the accident and symptoms are felt immediately. In these injuries, often times there is no way for doctors to reverse or treat them. Types of primary injuries include skull fractures and axonal injuries.
Secondary head injuries are those that occur after the accident, usually within a few days, prolonging the presentation of symptoms for weeks or even months depending on the type and severity of the injury. Such injuries can be caused by brain tissue swelling, leading to low blood pressure and lack of oxygen to the brain. These injuries can be particularly dangerous, due to the fact that symptoms take so long to present themselves.
In order to receive proper treatment (and possible compensation) for your head injury it is important to recognize the symptoms and warning signs. Click here to learn more about indicators of a traumatic brain injury.
Our team of Jacoby & Meyers attorneys have years of experience representing TBI victims. If you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury at no fault of your own contact us today.