There are many types of injuries that can be obtained from car accidents. Traumatic brain injuries are among the most common and most dangerous. This is because, depending on the specific details of the situation, symptoms may not make themselves known until weeks or months later and at that point can become very problematic. If you or someone you know has obtained a traumatic brain injury in a car accident, contact the law office of Jacoby & Meyers, LLP NY today. Our team of personal injury professionals has the knowledge and experience to offer you quality legal representation.
A traumatic brain injury can be defined as any damage to the brain caused by an external physical force. In this case, car accident trauma. This type of injury is not caused by any natural cause such as a stroke or tumor, only blunt force trauma to the head. The reason these injuries can be so dangerous is because they aren’t caused by lack of oxygen supply to the brain, which means that the individual may not lose consciousness. For this reason, many people don’t know initially that they are in grave danger.
There are many types of traumatic brain injuries, but they all fall under two categories. These are closed versus open head injuries and primary versus secondary injuries. A closed head injury is one in which the skull and contents of the brain have not broken open or through the skin. Closed head injuries occur as a result of the head moving at a fast speed and suddenly coming to an abrupt halt. This causes the brain to move forward, backwards and side to side, colliding with the inside walls of the skull. These types of injuries are known to bruise brain tissue and damage nerve cells.
Open head injuries are those in which the skull and its protective layers have broken through and have been exposed to air. Open head injuries are usually localized to one area of the brain, but can be just as severe in that of closed head injuries due to the brain contents’ exposure to air. The severity of these injuries will also depend on how much of the skull or brain has broken through the skin, as well as how easy or difficult it will be to treat.
Primary injuries are those that occur at the time of the accident and symptoms are felt immediately. In these injuries, often times there is no way for doctors to reverse or treat them. Types of primary injuries include skull fractures and axonal injuries.
Secondary injuries are those that occur after the accident, usually within a few days, prolonging the presentation of symptoms for weeks or even months depending on the type and severity of the injury. Such injuries can be caused by brain tissue swelling, leading to low blood pressure and lack of oxygen to the brain. These injuries can be particularly dangerous, due to the fact that symptoms take so long to present themselves.